A federal district court judge in Texas has rejected DISH Network’s technical workaround of digital video recorder (DVR) patents held by TiVO, ordering full enforcement of an earlier injunction against the unauthorized usage of TiVO technology in DISH DVR products, and awarding TiVO an additional $103 million in damages. The decision, handed down Tuesday by U.S. District Judge David Folsom, constitutes the latest defeat for DISH Network and its parent EchoStar in a protracted legal battle with TiVO that dates back five years. TiVO—the pioneer of “time warp” technology that enables DVR users to pause live television broadcasts and to watch one program while recording another—first accused DISH of developing DVR products that infringe upon TiVO patents in 2004. After ruling in TiVO’s favor in 2005, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas issued an injunction that prohibited DISH from incorporating patented TiVO technologies into its DVR products. That decision was upheld on appeal last year, and the U.S. Supreme Court later refused DISH’s request for review of the appellate ruling, leaving DISH with no alternative but to implement technical workarounds that comply with the requirements of the district court. At the request of TiVO, however, Judge Folsom determined this week that the workarounds in question continue to infringe upon TiVO patents and thereby violate the terms of the district court’s previous injunctive order. DISH—which has already paid fines in excess of $105 million to TiVO—will be required to pay an additional $103 million and to inform the court before it begins to implement further workarounds of the patents in question. Asserting that “our engineers spent close to a year designing around TiVO’s patent and removed the very features that TiVO said infringed at trial,” DISH immediately took its case to the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals, which stayed the injunction on Wednesday pending review of DISH’s appeal.