Two new laws aimed at boosting investor confidence in the Dubai real estate sector came into force on 18 November 2019. These are Dubai Law No. 6 of 2019 on the joint ownership of properties (Joint Ownership Law) and Dubai Law No. 4 of 2019 on the Real Estate Regulatory Agency (RERA Law).

What has changed?

Joint Ownership Law

The Joint Ownership Law fundamentally changes how joint owned properties are regulated by the Real Estate Regulatory Agency (RERA) and how common areas are managed.


In accordance with the new law, the entity responsible for the management of the common areas will now be the developer or management company, depending on the category of the real estate. There are three categories introduced by the Joint Ownership Law:

  • major projects, which must be managed by the developer or a property management company appointed by the developer or RERA (in case the project does not have a developer);
  • hotel projects, which must be managed by a suitable qualified hotel management company appointed by the developer (and approved by RERA); and
  • other projects which do not fall within the category of major projects or hotel projects, which will be managed by a management company approved by RERA.

Service and usage charges

The new law provides that all service and usage fees must be preapproved by RERA and determined based on a budget that is approved by an external auditor.

The entity managing the property is required to open a separate bank account and deposit all service charges within 7 working days from the date of collection. The same obligation applies to usage fees collected by the master developer from the owners or sub-developer.

The management company and developer are also required to use the new Mollak electronic system to invoice service and usage charges.

In the event that an owner does not pay the fees within 30 days of being requested to do so, the managing entity is entitled to enforce the lien over the service fees. This period is significantly shorter than the 3-month period provided under the previous law.


The new law amends and restates competencies and the responsibilities of RERA. The most notable changes introduced are:

  • Transferring the jurisdiction to regulate matters related to lease contracts (including the registration of lease contracts) from RERA to the Dubai Land Department.
  • Adding explicit reference to RERA’s responsibility to regulate and supervise the operation, management and maintenance of jointly owned property and common areas and utilities.
  • Providing RERA with an express power to investigate and review those complaints filed against persons conducting real estate activities.

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