Reps. Ed Markey (D-MA), Chairman of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, and Chris Van Hollen (D-MA) introduced a bill this week, the "Royalty Relief for Consumers Act of 2010," that seeks to recover up to $54 billion from companies producing in deep waters in the Gulf of Mexico between 1996 and 2000, effectively overturning the Fifth Circuit's decision in Dep't of Interior v. Kerr-McGee, which was recently denied cert by the Supreme Court. The House has approved similar versions of the bill in 2006, 2007 and 2008, but it has yet to be enacted into law.