On October 28, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that the Federal Aviation Administration must review potential hazards of the proposed Cape Wind project off the coast of Massachusetts after failing to follow its own internal procedures in the initial review. On the first review, the FAA issued 130 identical determinations for each wind turbine stating that they “would have no substantial adverse effect on the safe and efficient utilization of the navigable airspace by aircraft on the operation of air navigation facilities.” That determination was based largely on the fact that the turbines would be less than 500 feet tall, which the court said was an insufficient measure of their overall impact. The ruling further criticized the FAA for failing to analyze potentially negative effects on pilots operating in the area under visual flight rules.