The B.C. Ministry of Environment is planning to introduce a Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation to support its Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Cap and Trade) Act, and has published an intentions paper outlining the content of the proposed Regulation. The Regulation will provide details on greenhouse gas ("GHG") reporting requirements for facilities that emit GHGs from source categories subject to the Act, and is expected to come into effect in early 2009. The intentions paper is based in part on the Western Climate Initiative ("WCI") Draft Essential Requirements for Mandatory Reporting.
The Regulation will provide detail on the following:
- greenhouse gases subject to reporting
- fuels and inputs included in reporting requirements
- level of emissions requiring reporting
- facilities required to report
- sources and activity data to be reported
- quantification methods to be used in reporting
- requirements and procedures for annual reporting
- verification/audit mechanisms
- compliance obligations
Facilities emitting more than 10,000 tonnes per year of CO2 equivalent will have registration and reporting obligations beginning with the 2009 calendar year. Facilities emitting 20,000 tonnes per year of CO2 equivalent will also be required to provide their best estimate of GHG emissions per source category for 2006, 2007 and 2008. Those emitting over 25,000 tonnes in any year from 2009 onwards must report for all subsequent years, regardless of emission levels. All facilities which reasonably expect to be subject to the Regulation must register with the Ministry before July 15, 2009. Reporting facilities will also be required to arrange for verification of their emission data.
Upstream oil and gas facilities will be subject to a separate threshold of 3,000 tonnes per year of CO2 equivalent designed to ensure a sufficient proportion of upstream oil and gas emissions are reported. Any facility reporting more than 3,000 tonnes per year after 2009 will be required to report each subsequent year, regardless of whether emission levels fall below 3,000 tonnes in the future.
GHG sources that will be exempt from the initial phase of reporting include: forestry, land use and land use change, non-combustion landfill emissions, air, marine, on-road and out of facility off-road transportation, natural gas, propane and home heating oil delivered for consumer use, and hydro-electric facilities.