On February 19, 2009, during U.S. President Barack Obama’s first state visit to Canada, he and Prime Minister Stephen Harper agreed to a “Clean Energy Dialogue,” in which the two leaders committed their respective countries to collaborate on research related to advanced biofuels, clean engines and energy efficiency. As part of the dialogue, the countries hope to encourage the development and deployment of clean energy technology, to coordinate the research and demonstration of carbon capture and storage technology at coal-fired plants and to build a more efficient electricity grid. To achieve these goals, the United States and Canada agreed to share information on smart grid technology and on ways to integrate wind and other renewable power into the transmission system.  

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