On August 4, 2014, Federal Law No. 142-FZ dated June 4, 2014 on Amendments to Articles 6 and 30 of the Federal Law on Russian Federation Citizenship and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation entered force.
This law requires Russian Federation citizens to notify the migration authorities if they hold foreign citizenship, a residency permit or other document confirming their right to permanently reside in a foreign state. Such citizen must notify the local office of the Russian Federal Migration Service within 60 days of the date of acquiring such foreign citizenship, residency permit or other document.
Any Russian citizen who already holds foreign citizenship, a residency permit or other document confirming their right to permanently reside in a foreign state on the date this law enters force is obliged to give notice to their local Russian Federal Migration Service office within 60 days of the law entering force (i.e., by October 3, 2014 inclusive).
The rule also applies to Russian citizens who are under 18 years of age or not legally competent. In these cases the legal representatives of such persons must notify the local Russian Federal Migration Service office.
Notices by Russian Federation citizens or legal representatives may be made in person or sent by post to the address of the local Russian Federal Migration Service office.
Failure by a Russian citizen to provide notice is a criminal offense punishable by a fine of up to 200,000 rubles, salary or other income of the offender for a period of up to one year, or community service for up to 400 hours.
Breach of the notification procedure through failure to present a notice on time or presentation of incomplete or knowingly false information is an administrative offense and may lead to an administrative fine being imposed in an amount from 500 to 1,000 rubles.
Please note that individuals permanently residing outside of the Russian Federation are exempt from the requirement to give notice.