Every year the Tribunals Service publishes statistics on the number and nature of claims which have been raised and the latest stats are just out covering the period from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2012.

We already knew that Employment Tribunals (ET) received an overall total of 186,300 claims during 2011-12, a15% fall. More details are contained in my previous blog which you can see here.

Now with the more detail statistics being published, some interesting trends have been revealed.

The largest sum awarded by the Tribunal in 2011/2012 was £4,445,023 and was awarded in a race discrimination claim. Very high awards were also made in disability and age discrimination claims. You will notice from the figures below that the highest unfair dismissal award of £173,408 is in excess of the statutory cap of £72,300 but remember that this cap does not apply where the unfair dismissal is for whistleblowing or for raising certain health and safety reasons.

The number of costs awards made by Tribunals has risen sharply from 487 to 1,411 ET claims with 1,295 of those awards being to the Respondent (note though that 800 of these awards involved a multiple case involving 800 claimants and a £4,000 cost award to the Respondent). The total number of costs awards is still though fairly insignificant compared with the 186,300 claims accepted by the Tribunal but the increase perhaps represent a shift in attitude with Tribunal being more willing to make costs awards. The maximum costs award was £36,466. The median figure (excluding the 800 awards and substituting them with one award of £4,000) is £1,730 (an increase from last year's figure of £1,273).

I’ve listed the maximum, average and median awards for unfair dismissal and discrimination claims:-

Click here to view table.

The full report is available here:-

Employment Tribunal Statistics 2011-2012