As part of the economic stimulus package that is expected to form a first order of business of the incoming 111 Congress and the Obama Administration, various telecommunications and technology groups are calling for provisions that would boost the speed, uptake and availability of broadband services, especially in rural areas. In a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY), the Satellite Industry Association (SIA) asserted that any broadband incentives adopted under of the economic stimulus bill would help create jobs, boost productivity, and address key economic concerns in the areas of healthcare, public safety, and education. According to SIA, such incentives should be focused on end-user equipment and installation costs “in order to spur broadband adoption among the more than ten million Americans that are now unserved or underserved.” Arguing that, “without satellite systems, this nation will simply not reach universal access to broadband,” SIA President Patricia Cooper told the lawmakers that, “with the end-user at the center of incentives, satellite broadband networks can begin to boost economic development and employment, particularly by offering broadband services to millions of additional Americans that have been bypassed.” The National Telecommunications Cooperative Association (NTCA) also wrote to Pelosi and Reid, recommending the reservation of a portion of the stimulus funds for broadband deployment. To that end, the NTCA asserted that the definition of universal service should be modified to include broadband services. The group also urged the institution of federal rules governing public rights-of-way “to expedite broadband deployment” and the establishment of “a national broadband transmission speed goal that evolves with consumer demand and technological advances.” Meanwhile, the Information Technology Industry Council (ITIC) released details of its six-point plan for including “digital investments” in the economic stimulus package. Noting that it has shared its plan with “top advisors to President-elect Obama and relevant House and Senate leaders,” the ITIC called, among other things, for competitive grants for rural broadband deployment, tax credits for broadband infrastructure upgrades, and rules that would permit small and mid-size businesses to expense broadband equipment and applications.