Leaders of the Senate Finance Committee and House Ways and Means Committee sent a bipartisan letter to the ITC requesting that the ITC conduct an investigation under Section 332 of the Tariff Act of 1930 of Indian industrial policies that discriminate against U.S. companies in favor of domestic Indian industries. The August 2, 2013 letter was signed by both the Chairman and the Ranking Member of the two primary congressional committees that oversee international trade issues: the Senate Finance Committee and the House Ways and Means Committee.

These Members of Congress identified several specific issues of concern, including discriminatory application of India's patent laws, India's recent introduction of new local content and technology transfer requirements in the green technology sector, and additional Indian government policy pronouncements to expand efforts to support Indian domestic industries by forcing foreign firms to use local facilities and transfer intellectual property to Indian entities. The letter requests a comprehensive economic analysis of the effect that these and other Indian trade policies have on the U.S. economy and jobs.

The letter asked the ITC to deliver its report by November 30, 2014 and indicated that the report will be made available to the public.