Self-reporting of violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) does not result in lower fines, according to a study available here. The size of the fines imposed was driven by "the size of bribe, the profit related to the bribe, and the amount of business affected by the bribe" but not by whether the violations were self-reported. And the size of the fine "increases if a subsidiary faces FCPA charges, if the FCPA violation occurs in multiple countries, if the ultimate parent company of entities involved in the FCPA violation is foreign, and if foreign regulators are involved in the action."