• On September 19, 2012, the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) published a white paper regarding the role of state regulation in protecting the smart grid from cybersecurity threats. The white paper recognizes the important role that federal legislation and regulation plays in promoting smart grid cybersecurity, but also discusses its limitations and argues for a more pro-active approach from states. The paper argues that “there is an important role that State regulators need to step into, as much of [the] new [smart grid] infrastructure will be located on the distribution grid, which is currently outside of” federal authority. As such, the white paper examines how the CPUC and other state regulators can further address cybersecurity as it relates to grid resiliency, reliability and safety, and it recommends that the CPUC, in particular, open an Order Instituting Rulemaking (OIR) to further investigate appropriate cybersecurity policies. The white paper is available here.