17 August 2016                                                               

FROM:        Rachel Dunne

DIRECT:    +64 9 357 9626

MOBILE:    +64 27 553 4924

Hamish Macdonald

Head of Policy NZX Limited PO Box 2959

Wellington 6140

Dear Hamish

EMAIL:         rachel.dunne@chapmantripp.com

PARTNER:   Rachel Dunne

REF:            092657202/5059599.3


  1. We are pleased to have this opportunity to respond to NZX's preferred option in the consultation response paper on the process for identification of price sensitive information and administrative trading halts.
  2. Chapman Tripp is the primary New Zealand corporate and securities law adviser for a large number of New Zealand listed companies on the NZX and the ASX. We are represented on the Listed Company Association's executive.

Chapman Tripp's submission

Preferred option not supported

  1. It is our strongly held view that NZX's preferred option will not provide a sufficiently certain and consistent outcome for issuers, investors or the market in general.  We have four principal concerns, outlined below.

Issuers not better placed to undertake role

3.1     Although issuers might be better placed theoretically to manage the assessment of price sensitive information, in practice they face the same challenges as NZX.  We expect that unless NZX publishes clear guidelines, issuers will err on the side of caution and identify more announcements as price sensitive than are necessary.  Already some issuers appear to treat the MAP platform as a way to divulge information that should more properly be released as a general media statement.

Information released through NZX should either be "materia l information" under rule 10.1, and tagged as price sensitive, or should come within the categories of periodic (rule 10.4) or other administrative information (rule 10.6) which should not be tagged. Alternatively, release should be identified as required under some statutory obligation (such as Takeovers code, FMCA director and senior manager or FMCA substantial product holder disclosure).

Although there are prevailing market standards, outcomes are inconsistent as issuers take different approaches to the announcements that would form part of the prescribed list.  For example, some issuers release all of the material relating to, or in connection with the financial results into the results announcement (such as Appendix 7 forms), while others choose to release each item separately.

The practical outcome will be to impose another administrative burden and disclosure requirement on issuers.

Our suggested variant to the NZX preferred approach - limited prescribed list In our view, as long as there is a new category for "material" information under rule 10.1, that is not already categorised, and a relatively short list of prescribed price sensitive announcements, all consultants interests will be accommodated.  Our suggested prescribed list is attached.  We also think some of the existing announcement types could be combined or simplified.

We welcome the fact that NZX intends to consult with issuers further on the implementation but, whatever the outcome of those consultations, some issuers will inevitably adopt further compliance procedures (and shoulder additional costs) to deal with this further obligation.  We would appreciate being involved in the further consultation.

The red (P) should be a black (H)

3.2   We think there is a real risk that investors will be misled into placing undue reliance upon the "red P" price sensitivity assessment (or any comparable indicator of sensitivity), particularly given the likely conservatism that will prevail, and the fact that results announcements often may not be price sensitive at all.  For example, if an issuer has provided guidance, and reports within that guidance, and does not materially change its guidance for the following period (or otherwise include any surprises in its announcement), it is hard to see how this would be price sensitive.

One way to mitigate this risk would be change from a "red P" marker for price sensitive to a more neutral "black H" (for Administrative Trading Halt), or similar.  We also think there is merit in removing this marker for announcements made at least 15 minutes pre-open.  If the marker simply represents where a trading halt has been applied, there is no good reason to include it pre-open.  Further, if information is considered material enough that it needs to be released during the course of the day, that information is likely to be price sensitive.

Accordingly, we think removing the marker for announcements made pre­ open and not asking issuers whether such announcements are "material information" will reduce the administrative burden on issuers and provide them with a further incentive to release announcements pre-open.  If they are in doubt as to whether information is "material", they can release it pre-open and avoid the assessment.

Align with ASX

3.3   As flagged in our initial submission, we strongly support the alignment of the approach of NZX and ASX to minimise the risk of any arbitrage or mismatch between trading on the two exchanges.  We understand that NZX and ASX are continuing to discuss how they deal with administrative trading halts, and we hope those discussions lead to a single agreed approach.


3.4   We strongly support retaining the ability for issuers to submit announcements by email.  Obviously rule 10.2.2(b) would need formal amendment if that option is to be taken away, and to be clear we do not support that change.

We note that in a takeovers context, certain announcements by a listed offeror or target company (such as the takeover notice, target company statement and updates on acceptances) must be provided to NZX, the Takeovers Panel and certain other persons "at the same time".  While the listed compa ny may be able to release the document through MAP, this would mean that the timing for release would be uncertain (as it would depend on how long NZX takes to process the document).  For this reason, we have often emailed such documents simultaneously.

If issuers are repeat offenders for releasing announcements via email, we suggest NZX contacts those issuers to discourage them from continuing that practice, rather than simply cutting off the email service.

It is also unclear to us why a distinction appears to be drawn between substantial product holder notices and other notices where the obligation to file falls upon a party other than the issuer.  By way of example, director & senior manager disclosure obligations fall upon the individual, rather than the issuer.  These should be treated consistently with substantial product holder notices when submitted by a third party.


ASSET  Purchase I sale of material assets . Disposal or purchase of or intention to dispose or purchase material assets

CREDIT Credit rating change- amendment to credit rating by a Credit Rating Agency or notification in change of status

FLLYR Preliminary full year results

FORECAST Financial forecasts - notice of a listed issuers management indicating future trading or financial performance

HALFYR Preliminary half year results

JOINT  Joint venture announcements

MATERIAL  Material information rel ease by issuer under rule 10.1 -where the announcement does not fall under another category

MERGER Details of material merger of issuer or subsidiary of a listed issuer

QUARTER Quarterly report- summarising trading performance or financial position

STAND Notice that an NZX Firm wishes to stand in the market for securities in a listed issuer I dafty progress reports

TAKEOVER Takeover Notice Announcements  made ffi respect of a takeover by or of a listed issuer and during the course of a takeover . Such announcements would  include Director recommendations [but not routine notifications of acceptance levels]