In the end of April 2017, to implement Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of an alternative fuels infrastructure, the Bulgarian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works amended Ordinance No 2 from 2004 on the planning and design of communication-transportation systems in urban territories (the “Ordinance”).
The amendment focuses on electric vehicles, which, by 2030, the legislator expects to increase in use by 16 to 20%. The Ordinance provides the framework for developing an infrastructure for electric vehicle charging points, provides a definition of electric vehicle – the first in Bulgarian legislation, and emphasises the preference of using electric vehicles in the public transport system.
Of key importance to real estate developers is the need to allocate parking spaces for electric vehicles in certain types of new constructions, such as: shopping malls, retail stores in central locations, sport centres, hotels, hospitals, universities, schools, gas stations and airports. The number of electric vehicle parking spaces depends on the type of construction and ranges from 5 to 20% of the total number of statutory required parking spaces. However, there are no requirements for electric vehicle parking spaces in residential buildings.
These new requirements will enter force in May 2017.
Additionally, the Ordinance contains further requirements, which will become effective on 1 January 2019: new and reconstructed public buildings with more than ten parking spaces must have at least one space equipped with a high power recharging point (over 22 kW) and the remaining parking spaces shall be equipped with normal power recharging points.
Further, the Ordinance suggests that new residential buildings and residential buildings with combined use, with more than ten parking spaces, should (but are not required to) reserve 10% of the total number of parking spaces for electric vehicles.