In FTC v. PCCare247 Inc., No. 12-07189 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 7, 2013), the FTC brought an action against five India-based defendants, alleging they tricked American consumers into spending money to fix non-existent problems with their computers. After serving defendants with the Summons and Complaint by, among other things, personal service via a process server, the FTC moved for leave to make future service on the defendants through email and Facebook. In granting the motion, the court acknowledge that, under FRCP 4(f)(3), it had wide discretion to fashion any means of service on foreign defendants, so long as it was not prohibited by international agreement and it comported with due process. The court found that neither email nor Facebook service was expressly prohibited by the Hague Convention or any other international treaty, and that both methods comported with due process in this case because the FTC had shown that such service was likely to reach the defendants. Among other things, defendants operated an internet-based business, used email frequently for communication, had active Facebook accounts that were registered to defendants’ email addresses and which listed their current job titles, and several of the defendants were Facebook “friends” with each other. The court left open the question of whether Facebook service, alone, would be appropriate, holding only that service by both email and Facebook was sufficient in these circumstances. The court concluded that “courts must be open to considering requests to authorize service via technological means of then-recent vintage, rather than dismissing them out of hand as novel.”