The time during which the employee is at the disposal of his employer is considered as working time. Working time refers therefore to the periods of availability of the employee, meaning the time at which he or she must be present at the place indicated by the employer in order to carry out a specific task, even if the latter fails to assign any work to the employee. Rest periods are therefore excluded from this notion, as the employee is temporarily not available to work for the employer.

In addition, the time that the employee takes to travel from his home to his workplace and to return home is not considered as working time. Exceptionally, if the employer requests from the employee to work on a specific place, while the employment contract does not contain a provision allowing the employer to change the place of work and if the employee has not been informed sufficiently in advance of such change, than the travelling time from home to that new workplace may count as working time. However, the travelling time from the place of work to any other place at the request or in the interest of the employer shall count as working time.