On February 1, 2010, President Obama submitted budget requests for fiscal year 2011 to the US Congress, including requests of US$118.6 million and US$11.4 billion for the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), respectively. Funding allocated for the CPSC represents a US$400,000 increase from FY 2010. Of the allocated amount, the President requested approximately US$31 million to identify product hazards, and US$88 million to reduce product hazards to children and their families. The increased funding would enable the CPSC to hire 46 additional staff—a nine percent increase from FY 2010. The budget proposed, however, a US$8 million reduction in funds for the completion of the CPSC’s new testing laboratory.
Of the US$11.4 billion designated for CBP, US$347 million was requested for CBP automated systems. Only US$153 million of this amount, however, was allocated to CBP’s Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) trade processing system—a decrease of approximately US$75 million from FY 2010. The budget proposed an increase of US$25 million to support CBP’s intellectual property rights enforcement initiatives. The budget also proposed the allocation of US$368 million within existing funds to support 20,000 border patrol agents.
Certain CBP budgetary requests represented the latest in a shift away from the mandate set forth in the Security and Accountability for Every (SAFE) Port Act of 2006 and the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 to scan 100 percent of US-bound container cargo at the more than 700 foreign ports shipping cargo to the United States by 2012 (delayed until 2014 by US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Napolitano in December 2009). CBP requested US$84.5 million for international cargo screening, which represented a decrease of US$77.6 million from FY 2010. The elimination of US personnel at more than 50 foreign ports who identify and inspect high-risk cargo under the Container Security Initiative (CSI) comprised approximately US$50.7 million of the proposed cuts. CBP intends to instead perform remote examinations with the cooperation of foreign governments, and using image analysis. Another proposal included decreasing the Security Freight Initiative (SFI) by approximately US$16.6 million by phasing out three of five pilot programs for 100 percent scanning of US-bound container cargo, including programs in the ports of Puerto Cortes, Honduras; Southampton, United Kingdom; and Busan, South Korea. CBP requested US$3.1 million to maintain 100 percent scanning operations in the remaining two ports of Qasim, Pakistan and Salalah, Oman.