U.S. Census Bureau data released on December 23, 2009 showed that Florida’s population grew by 114,091 in the year ending July 1, 2009. According to the Census Bureau, the state saw a net natural increase (births minus deaths) of 58,169 persons and immigration from other countries of 87,381 persons. During the same period, however, Florida residents moving to other states outnumbered residents of other states moving to Florida by 31,179.

Florida’s total population as of July 1, 2009 was 18,537,969. The state’s population grew at a rate of 0.61 percent. By comparison, Texas grew by 478,000, reflecting a growth rate of 1.97 percent. Two states, Wyoming and Utah, grew at rates above two percent. Seventeen other states also showed a loss of population to other states, including four states —California, New York, Illinois, and New Jersey —that showed higher net internal migration out of the state than Florida.

A December 2009 Brookings Institution study reported that Florida led the nation in domestic in-migration for many years, peaking between 2003 and 2005, and that Florida shifted to net out-migration between 2006 and 2008. The study also noted that out-migration was spread broadly across the state, affecting 48 out of 67 counties. The states that gained the most from Florida’s out-migration were Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.