In reaching its conclusion in the animal feed phosphate cartel decision, the Commission has, for the first time, combined its normal procedure with the new settlement procedure in a ‘hybrid’ decision. This is only the second time the Commission has used the settlement procedure in a cartel infringement decision (following the DRAM memory chips case in May 2010). In the decision, the Commission found that cartel members had allocated markets, feed phosphate sales quotas and customers among each other for over three decades, starting in 1969. The arrangements, which covered most of the EU, lasted until 2003 when one of the participants, Kemira, acted as an informant in exchange for immunity against fines. The Commission adopted a streamlined settlement decision for those companies which admitted liability in exchange for a 10 per cent ‘settlement’ reduction in fine and a standard decision for a company that did not. Full immunity from fines was granted to three companies and reductions under the Leniency Notice were given to a further three in recognition of their cooperation. One of two participants which made an ‘inability-to-pay’ request was also granted a 70 per cent reduction.