A scientific committee of the European Environment Agency concluded in a recent report that miscalculations were made when the European Union agreed in 2008 to include biofuels as a key to achieving a goal built around having ten percent of all transportation fuels come from renewable energy by 2020. The European Commission’s plans to establish the biofuel production criteria designed to ensure that the use of plants and trees as a renewable energy source does not harm ecosystems and increase the cost of food are now in disarray because the study challenges the basic assumption that growing plants for fuel use is carbon neutral.