At the July 2009 Group of 8 summit meeting in Italy, the world’s major economies failed to agree on longterm targets to mitigate GHG emissions. Those at the summit had hoped to reach agreement on this issue before the United Nations Climate Change Conference this December in Copenhagen, where a successor to the Kyoto Protocol will be negotiated. The G-8, along with China, India and seven other developing countries, which together account for 80% of the world’s GHG emissions, did agree to an “aspirational” goal of preventing global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius. The countries did not, however, agree to specific emission-reduction targets. Before the summit, a draft communiqué was circulated, calling for a 50% reduction in global GHG emissions by 2050, with industrial countries cutting their own emissions by 80%. The developing nations refused to endorse the 50% cut.