In July 2012, the Commission updated the EU’s Multiannual Strategic Plan (MASP), which was introduced as a management and planning tool under eCustoms Decision 70/2008 adopted four years ago. The new version (not publicly available) updates the planned timing on the introduction/updating of customs systems (including those required for the implementation of the MCC/UCC such as for centralised clearance). It now also includes a more detailed customs IT strategy aimed at achieving convergence between the hundreds of systems in operation in the 27 Member States, and making the introduction of new systems less costly and complex by using a service-orientated architecture.