Clifford Chance

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Smartphone Apps for Facebook, WhatsApp and Instagram declared patent infringing by German Court - The End of Social Networks?

January 9 2020 On 5 December 2019 the Regional Court of Munich ruled that offering and distributing WhatsApp, Facebook, Facebook Messenger and Instagram in its…

Private antitrust litigation in United Kingdom - England & Wales (England & Wales)

August 22 2019 A structured guide to private antitrust litigation in United Kingdom - England & Wales (England & Wales), including availability, procedures, collective actions and remedies.

Construction in Germany

January 24 2019 A structured guide to contruction in Germany

China’s Blueprint for Its Pharmaceutical Sector

October 16 2019 China has stepped up its legislative reform of the pharmaceutical sector to drive down prices, improve access to new drugs and Foster generic…

Evolution of IP Protection for Artificial Intelligence in France

January 14 2020 Could an AI be deemed as an author or creator under IP law? Artificial Intelligence (AI) is set to transform all aspects of our lives, including our…

In brief: trade barriers in United Kingdom

July 17 2021 An overview of practical considerations surrounding trade barriers in United Kingdom, including notable non-tariff barriers, grounds for investigation and complaint filing procedures.

Snapshot: customs duties in United Kingdom

July 17 2021 An overview of customs duties in United Kingdom, including normal rates, notification requirements, preferential treatment and challenges.

Q&A: export controls in United Kingdom

July 17 2021 An overview of the export control regime in United Kingdom, including general and special controls, supply chain security, applicable countries and penalties.

Spotlight: standard-essential patents in Spain

July 16 2021 A brief overview of the law and practice surrounding standard-essential patents in Spain, including abuse-of-dominance issues, injunctions and FRAND licensing.

In review: licensing and antitrust issues in European Union

July 16 2021 An overview of licensing and antitrust issues in European Union, including anticompetitive restraints, refusals to license, and unfair and discriminatory licensing.