Callol, Coca & Asociados

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In a blow to parallel trading of pharmaceuticals, the National Competition Authority clears the dual-pricing system applied by PFIZER

April 26 2017 On 19 January 2017 the Spanish Competition Authority (SCA) issued a decision clearing PFIZER of antitrust charges and blessing PFIZER's dual pricing…

The SCA has initiated an investigation against Aspen Pharma for alleged excessive pricing

May 10 2017 On 3 February 2017, the SCA has initiated proceedings against Aspen Pharma Ireland Ltd, Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Limited and Aspen Pharma Trading…

Vertical Agreements in Spain

March 1 2019 A structured guide to vertical agreements in Spain

State Aid in Spain

April 25 2019 A structured guide to state aid in Spain

Spotlight: the merger control regime in Spain

August 6 2022 An examination of the most consequential features of the merger control regime in Spain, including key phases of review, procedures and appeals.

Year in review: a general introduction to merger control issues in Spain

August 6 2022 A general introduction to the most noteworthy features of the merger control regime in Spain, with particular regard to key developments over the past year.

Q&A: private enforcement against state aid awards in Spain

April 22 2022 A handy guide to bringing private complaints against state aid awards in Spain, including procedures, grounds, evidence and damages.

Q&A: considerations for state aid recipients in Spain

April 22 2022 An overview of key considerations for state aid recipients in Spain, including legal rights, award criteria and best practices.

In brief: enforcement against vertical agreements in Spain

February 11 2022 A look at the primary enforcement mechanisms against vertical agreements in Spain, including complaints procedures, private enforcement, investigations, penalties and remedies.