Background
What has the decree modified?
Should non-tariff regulations and restrictions be complied upon import of these goods?


On 16 May 2022, President López Obrador published a decree in the Federal Official Gazette (DOF) that exempts the payment of import duty upon the import of certain goods.

The purpose of this decree is to decrease inflation and slow the fall of the Mexican family's consumption of basic goods. Certain basic basket goods and inputs became exempt from import duties when the decree came into force on 17 May 2022.

It will remain in force for a year and could be extended for an equal term.

Background

On 12 July 2019, the national development plan was published in the DOF. This plan contains, among other things, measures to "promote economic reactivation, internal market and employment".

On 1 July 2020, the General Import and Export Duties Law (LIGIE) was published in the DOF. This law establishes the tariff of duties applicable to the import and export of goods into or from Mexico.

On 4 May 2022, the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit presented the Paquete Contra la Inflación y la Carestía, a package of measures that intends to decrease inflation by exempting the payment of import duties applicable to 21 basic basket goods and six strategic inputs.

What has the decree modified?

The decree has modified the import duties applicable to certain tariff items of the LIGIE, regarding the importation of the following:

  • goods classified in 66 tariff items that are included within basic basket and inputs, such as:
    • rice;
    • beans;
    • tuna and sardines;
    • pork, chicken and beef;
    • eggs;
    • milk;
    • onions;
    • jalapeño peppers;
    • carrots;
    • tomatoes;
    • wheat and wheat flour;
    • corn, white corn and corn oil;
    • bread;
    • lemons, apples and oranges;
    • sorghum; and
    • soap; and
  • goods classified in six tariff items that are considered as part of the Mexican family's consumption – namely:
  • live animals from bovine, ovine or caprine species;
  • roosters; and
  • hens.

Should non-tariff regulations and restrictions be complied upon import of these goods?

The measures established through the decree do not exempt importers from the obligation to comply with non-tariff regulations and restrictions applicable upon the import of the goods, as well as with quality and efficiency standards of the goods, to protect the life and security of consumers.

For further information on this topic please contact Edmundo Elías-Fernández, Daniel Torres-Güémez or Daniel Ascencio-Zamarripa at Ramos, Ripoll & Schuster ​by telephone (+52 55 1518 0445) or email ([email protected], [email protected] or [email protected]). The Ramos, Ripoll & Schuster website can be accessed at www.rrs.com.mx