Why has the route been closed?
What impact does this have on individuals with outstanding applications?
What impact does this have for Tier 1 investor extensions?
What impact does this have for Tier 1 investor settlement?
What is the position for dependants?
Will there be an option for high net-worth migrants in the future?


A statement of changes to the Immigration Rules (CP 632) was published on 17 February 2022 and brought into immediate effect. The move to close the Tier 1 investor route indicates that the Home Office intended to avoid a last-minute surge in applications.

Why has the route been closed?

The fundamental reason given by the Home Office in the explanatory memorandum accompanying the new rules was that the economic benefit of the closed route was:

  • small;
  • insufficient to outweigh concerns that it could be exploited to transfer illicitly obtained wealth to the United Kingdom; and
  • attractive to complex investment schemes that circumvented the route's criteria to make genuine investments in the United Kingdom.

What impact does this have on individuals with outstanding applications?

Initial applications that are currently under consideration will be decided in line with the rules effective before the 17 February 2022 changes.

Outstanding extension and settlement applications will also continue to be processed without any changes to the criteria to be met.

However, due to the reasons for closing the route, applications may be delayed while the Home Office carries out additional checks.

What impact does this have for Tier 1 investor extensions?

Tier 1 investor migrants who wish to make an extension application can only do so up to and including 16 February 2026.

Extension applicants applying from outside the United Kingdom will either need to have existing Tier 1 investor immigration permission at the date of application, or to have held Tier 1 Investor permission within the 12 months immediately before the date of application. Extensions will be granted for two years.

What impact does this have for Tier 1 investor settlement?

Settlement applications in the route must be made on or before 16 February 2028.

Once the extension provisions for Tier 1 investor have ended, individuals who cannot meet the requirements for settlement (eg, due to not spending at least 180 days a year in the United Kingdom), or not being able to meet the English language and/or "Life in the UK" test requirements, will need to find an alternative immigration category or depart the United Kingdom before their immigration permission expires. It will, therefore, be important for intending settlement applicants to plan to ensure all the requirements can be met before the relevant deadlines.

What is the position for dependants?

There have been no changes to the rules for Tier 1 investor dependants.

Eligible family members are still able to make applications to join Tier 1 Investor migrants and will be issued immigration permission in line with the main applicant.

Eligible dependants will also be able to extend, with no deadline, provided the main applicant still has immigration permission as a Tier 1 investor migrant, or they have been granted settlement in that capacity or subsequent British citizenship.

Will there be an option for high net-worth migrants in the future?

The explanatory memorandum confirms that the Home Office intends to reform the "innovator route" from Autumn 2022. Provisions will be introduced for individuals with a track record of investment activity abroad, and who can demonstrate credible plans to engage in qualifying investment activity in the United Kingdom.

Further details of the Innovator option will be released at a later date; however, a Home Office press release suggests that it will involve genuine job creation and other tangible economic benefits over and above passively holding UK investments. It is also highly likely that there will be stringent checks on the source of investment funds.

For further information on this topic please contact Supinder Singh Sian, Andrew Osborne, Lily Shen or Li Xiang at Lewis Silkin by telephone (+44 20 7074 8000‚Äč) or email ([email protected]m, [email protected], [email protected] or [email protected]). The Lewis Silkin website can be accessed at www.lewissilkin.com.