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Information requests in competition investigations: no fishing please

European Union - April 12 2016 A recent ruling by the European Court of Justice clarifies that companies should put more thought into answering requests for information by the...

Gurgen Hakopian, Peter Maessen, Jaap de Keijzer, Jolling de Pree, Bart de Rijke.

You’ve got mail: message may be proof of participation in a concerted practice

European Union - February 15 2016 Not paying attention to incoming emails may have inadvertent consequences. The European Court of Justice recently ruled that the mere dispatch of a...

Gurgen Hakopian, Jaap de Keijzer, Jolling de Pree, Erik Pijnacker Hordijk, Bart de Rijke.

European Commission back to the drawing board after air freight fright

European Union - January 12 2016 The General Court recently annulled the European Commission's decision to impose fines totalling EUR 790 million on a number of air carriers for...

Cartel facilitators no better than participants

European Union - November 10 2015 Participating in a cartel as well as contributing to the implementation of a cartel can lead to substantial fines. The European Court of Justice...

Willemijn Jonker, Gurgen Hakopian, Jaap de Keijzer, Jolling de Pree, Bart de Rijke.

Big brother is listening: regulator ACM may use other agencies’ telephone taps as evidence

Netherlands - September 9 2015 The Dutch Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal clarified recently that the competition regulator ACM can use evidence obtained through telephone taps...

Willemijn Jonker, Jaap de Keijzer, Jolling de Pree, Erik Pijnacker Hordijk, Bart de Rijke.