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The liability of service providers in the information society. Reflections about the judgment of the European Court of Justice delivered on 23 March 2010 in joined cases C-236 to 238 08 Google v Louis Vuitton and others before the CJ (formerly ECJ)
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • June 21 2010

The liability of the company Google France as provider of data storage services online is analysed in the recent Judgment of the CJ in cases C-23608, C-23708 and C-23808


Your pocket guide to VAT on digital e-commerce
  • Bird & Bird
  • Belgium, European Union, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom
  • July 31 2014

Digital e-commerce is a rapidly growing business market within the EU, emerging as a key economic driver. However, as acknowledged by the EU


Courts provide clarification on paid holiday
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • July 18 2012

Recent judgments passed down by the European Court of Justice and the Supreme Court could have a significant impact on French employment laws, specifically on the accrual of paid holiday, the effect of sick leave on holiday entitlement and the obligation to ensure that employees are able to take paid holiday


BrandWrites - December 2014
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom
  • December 3 2014

A 3D trade mark in relation to a new unique product idea could in theory have been a way to achieve a monopoly on the market. However, while the


Commission opens in-depth investigation into Arjowiggins' proposed acquisition of M-real Zanders' Reflex Mill
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France, Germany
  • January 3 2008

The Commission has opened a detailed investigation under the EU Merger Regulation into the proposed acquisition of M-real Zanders' Reflex mill located in Düren, Germany by Arjowiggins of France


Commission opens in-depth inquiry into proposed French R&D aid to Peugeot-Citroën for hybrid diesel car
  • Bird & Bird
  • France, European Union
  • January 3 2008

The Commission has launched an in-depth investigation to determine whether a 96 million aid that France plans to grant Peugeot-Citroën and other partners for the development of a hybrid diesel car (VHD) is compatible with EC Treaty state aid rules


Commission approves proposal to create a joint venture combining the road marking and road sign operations of Eurovia and Compagnie Signature
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • January 3 2008

The Commission has approved under the EC Merger Regulation the proposed merger, whereby Eurovia, a subsidiary of the French group Vinci, and Compagnie Signature SAS, part of the French group Burelle, will combine their road marking and road sign operations, acquiring joint control of Euromark (France) and Signature Holdings (France) through the purchase of shares in these two companies constituting a joint venture


French Supreme Court refers Google AdWords questions to European Court of Justice
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • August 31 2008

The French Cour de Cassation has recently referred to the European Court of Justice several questions concerning the use of Google AdWords


NCAs may take action against anti-competitive agreements which do not meet the thresholds in the Commission’s de minimis notice
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • February 6 2013

On 13 December 2012, the CJEU gave an interesting ruling on the powers of national competition authorities (NCAs) to fine parties for an


Commission authorises French tax scheme reducing solidarity tax on wealth with a view to promoting investment in SMEs
  • Bird & Bird
  • France, European Union
  • April 25 2008

The European Commission has decided not to raise any objections under the EC Treaty rules on state aid to the French tax-relief to a taxpayers' scheme in respect of the solidarity tax on wealth (ISF) for those who invest in SMEs