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ISPs face the cost of implementing a graduated response system to deal with copyright infringers
  • LK Shields
  • European Union, Ireland
  • July 8 2015

UPC Communications, an internet service provider (ISP), has been ordered by the Irish Commercial Court to implement a graduated response system (GRS


Key information document for packaged retail investment and insurance products
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • February 24 2015

An EU Regulation relating to Key Information Documents for Packaged Retail and insurance-based products (PRIIPs) was published in December 2014


Umbrella pricing
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • July 31 2014

This article examines the availability of "umbrella pricing" theories to claimants seeking compensation for damages from cartel members in civil


Public contracts: what the new public procurement directives mean for SMEs
  • LK Shields
  • European Union, Ireland, United Kingdom
  • April 24 2014

The existing public procurement regime is often criticised for creating obstacles for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) wishing to


Recent developments in State aid rules
  • LK Shields
  • European Union, Ireland
  • May 27 2014

State aid schemes in Ireland are operated by many Government departments and agencies, and they arise in the main from provisions in the


ESMA approves AIFMD co-operation agreements with 34 jurisdictions
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • June 10 2013

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (the AIFMD) came into force on 21 July 2011 and must be transposed into national law of EU Member


UCITS V brings convergence of the depositary role with AIFMD
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • February 3 2015

Fund managers and investors alike now have a single point of reference in the event that problems occur in relation to the safekeeping of assets or


Red tape and efforts to reform EU merger control
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • March 23 2015

The European Commission has been considering extending its merger control jurisdiction to acquisitions of minority shareholdings. The Commission


Private equity funds risk competition fines
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • January 19 2015

This article examines a recent trend in EU competition law whereby it has become increasingly common for parent entities to be fined for the


Reverse solicitation
  • LK Shields
  • European Union
  • May 12 2015

Although non-EU alternative investment funds (AIFs), managed by non-EU alternative investment fund managers (AIFMs), are not permitted to market