The Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) and the other food industry plaintiffs have filed an appeal of the Vermont federal court's denial of their request for an injunction to block Vermont’s GMO labeling law from taking effect. The appeal is to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, in New York City, which is the federal appeals court that has jurisdiction over appeals from federal courts in Vermont, New York, and Connecticut. In a statement, the GMA says, “The court’s opinion in denying our request to block the Vermont law opens the door to states creating mandatory labeling requirements based on pseudo-science and web-fed hysteria. If this law is allowed to go into effect, it will disrupt food supply chains, confuse consumers and lead to higher food costs.”