On December 13, 2010, United States District Judge Henry Hudson, sitting in the Eastern District of Virginia, ruled that the Minimum Essential Coverage Provision in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2009 (“PPACA”) recently enacted by Congress violated the United States Constitution. The Minimum Essential Coverage Provision requires that most United States citizens purchase health insurance by 2014 or face a penalty included in the individual’s tax return.
The lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the Minimum Essential Coverage Provision in the PPACA was filed by the Commonwealth of Virginia. The state contended, among other items, that the Minimum Essential Coverage Provision exceeded the power of Congress under both the Commerce Clause and General Welfare Clause of the United States Constitution. Judge Hudson agreed, explaining in a 42-page opinion, that the provision “exceeds the constitutional boundaries of congressional power.”
Reports indicate that President Obama’s administration intends to appeal the decision. It is widely anticipated that the ultimate resolution of the constitutionality of the Minimum Essential Coverage Provision will be made by the United States Supreme Court.