It’s everywhere. Whether you like it or not, you can’t escape it. While the topics of politics and social justice are undoubtedly important discussions to have in our country, the reality is that they now seem ever present. Consider, for example, two popular entertainment outlets many individuals usually go to in order to “escape” from their daily routines: sports and television.
Within the sports realm, and with apologies to the other sports, there is no question that the return of the NFL season garnered the most anticipation the last couple weeks. Yet the biggest story wasn’t necessarily the play on the field. Instead, it was San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick’s decision to kneel for the national anthem, as a demonstration of protest against racial inequality and oppression in this country. A number of other NFL players subsequently joined in the protest in their own way, as did athletes from other sports, most notably in the news being U.S. soccer star Megan Rapinoe. Everyone had an opinion, some in support of the protests and some who were critical. And I mean everyone. Not only were athletes, sports owners and executives, and sports analysts providing their take, but national political pundits and personalities were speaking out. Heck, even the President of the United States was asked by reporters to weigh in with his opinion and did so. The NFL was no longer just a sports story, but now had become a national news story.
The world of television is no different. The 2016 Emmy Awards were televised last night, a ceremony meant to reward the best of television from the past year. Yet, whether it was the introductory skit (featuring Jeb Bush, who you have to admit was kind of funny), Jimmy Kimmel’s opening monologue, or various acceptance speeches throughout the night, politics was a major theme of the evening. To be more specific, the subtle, and in many cases not so subtle, digs at Donald Trump were a recurring event. Even if you didn’t watch the Emmys, just reading on the internet what happened last night will make clear that political opinions were not in short supply.
Look, this is of course not new or without precedent. There is a long history of athletes and entertainers speaking out, and in some cases protesting, publicly for civil rights and against social injustices that goes back many decades. There is similarly a long history of people in the public eye, including athletes and entertainers, publicly supporting specific candidates or decrying other candidates.
But doesn’t it seem like this year is a bit different of a political climate? I was not alive during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and am not comparing this year to the dissention and discussion created by other historical events of similar importance. However, I think that most people would agree that in terms of recent history, this election year in particular has created an emotionally charged debate regarding politics and social issues that has become more prevalent than in recent years past. While this certainly has a lot to do with the evolving media coverage and social media access people have, there is no question it has more to do with the two major candidates running for president, and the polarizing opinions that surround both individuals.
The fact that opinions related to politics and social justice have become more transparent in the world of sports and television is simply a reflection of how important these issues have become to our country and individuals in general, particularly in this election year. As a result, there is no surprise that individuals are having these conversations more frequently: in their homes with family, with friends at public places, and also within the workplace with co-workers and colleagues.
It is important for employers to understand this dynamic, not only for this year but for the years that follow. Disagreements amongst employees can have a negative impact upon employee morale, working relationships and productivity. Therefore, employers must seriously consider whether their workplace is one that would benefit on policies that seek to limit this type of discussion in the workplace, or to prohibit the use of company property, resources and time to pursue political endeavors or activities.
However, instituting such a policy is not without its risks. While the First Amendment doesn’t necessarily have application within the private sector, there are state laws that exist which prohibit employers from retaliating against employees for certain types of political activity. In addition, the National Labor Relations Act, which applies to unionized and nonunionized employees, prohibits employers from restricting employees’ rights to engage in concerted activity, including with respect to labor, working conditions, and mutual aid or protection. Therefore, any workplace restriction must be specifically tailored, worded and implemented in a way that would not appear to infringe on the aforementioned rights. There can be a host of other additional issues for employers, depending upon applicable state law or if a collective bargaining agreement is at issue.
At the end of the day, while there are laws that limit the extent to which employers can institute policies governing political speech at work, companies may impose certain reasonable restrictions should they believe it is of benefit to the workplace. Of course, companies may also determine that they don’t want to insert any type of restriction whatsoever within the workplace, due to the type of environment and culture that exists, or due to other factors. Whatever an employer decides to do, the most important thing is to evaluate your options, gather the facts, understand what the issues are on both sides, and decide what is best for your institution.
Think of it as being similar to the process for voting for a candidate. Evaluate your options, gather the facts, understand the issues each candidate stands for and then make your decision. The only difference being when determining the best course of action for your company with respect to policies and procedures compliant with federal and state law, I would recommend you consult an attorney at some point in the process. When it comes to selecting a candidate for president however, no need to consult an attorney, or even the opinions of athletes or television personalities. Make your decision your own. But, if you truly want my legal advice on the matter, I can tell you that I’m voting for ____________.
Did you really think I’d tell you? Didn’t I just get through saying this is an emotionally charged election? Besides, the person I anticipate voting for today may not be the person I vote for on November 8th. In light of the events of this election year, who knows what can happen in the next month and a half. Nothing would surprise me.