On July 26, 2016, a litigation action was brought in Osaka High Court, in which a fixed-term employee of HAMAKYOREX claimed that unreasonable differences existed in the working conditions of fixed-term employees and regular employees (indefinite-term employees) as to allowances paid to them. The plaintiff claimed that the result gave rise to a violation of Article 20 of the Labor Contract Act. Article 20 of the Labor Contract Act, which came into force in April 2013, prohibits employers from establishing unreasonable differences between the working conditions of fixed-term employees and employees of indefinite term. The Osaka High Court agreed and found that non-payment of four types of allowances, including food allowances, was unreasonable due to arbitrary differences and subsequently ordered HAMAKYOREX to pay the approximate balance of 770,000 JPY to the plaintiff. Originally, the court of the first instance found that only non-payment of commuting allowances was unreasonable. Because the number of litigation actions relating to Article 20 is increasing, attention should be paid to this area.