The European Court of Justice has issued a judgment holding that the leniency programmes of the European Commission and of individual Member States coexist autonomously. In particular, the ECJ held that there is no legal link between an application for immunity submitted to the European Commission and a summary application submitted to a national competition authority in respect of the same cartel, with the result that the national authority is not required to assess the summary application in the light of the application for immunity. Click here.