On May 8, 2015, HHS released a final rule removing the current regulatory prohibitions against the transplantation of organs from individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The final rule implements the changes to the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 mandated by the 2013 HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act. Under the final rule, organs from patients infected with HIV may be transplanted only into individuals who are already infected and who are participating in clinical research approved by an institutional review board under forthcoming research criteria to be published by HHS. The final rule is effective June 8, 2015. A copy of the final rule is available here.