The first Circuit Court of Supreme People's Court was founded in Shenzhen of Guangdong Province on January 28, 2015, covering provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan.

The Supreme Court also released Supreme People's Court Provisions on Several Issues of Cases by the Circuit Court, which states that the Circuit Court is a permanent judicial branch of the Supreme Court. Judgments, rulings and decisions by the Circuit court are the judgments, rulings and decisions by the Supreme Court.

The provisions show that the second circuit court of Supreme Court is established in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, covering Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang. The provisions shall be implemented from February 1, 2015, and the Supreme Circuit Court will begin to accept and hear cases.

The Circuit Court hears or handles eleven categories of cases in the region which shall be accepted by the Supreme Court, including: first instance of important and complicate administrative cases in the nation; first instance of civil and commercial cases with significant impact in the nation; appeal cases opposing the first instance administrative or civil and commercial judgments and ruling made by the high courts; cases applied for retrial of administrative or civil and commercial judgment, ruling and conciliation with legal effect made by the high courts; criminal retrial cases; retrial cases brought up in line with legal duty; cases applied for reconsideration of fine and detention decisions by the high courts; cases submitted to the Supreme Court for judgment or decision by the high courts; cases submitted for approval of extending the jurisdiction limits by the high courts; civil and commercial cases and cases of judicial assistance involved Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan; other cases that the Supreme Court deems fit to be heard or handled by the Circuit Court.

Cases involving intellectual property, foreign commercial and maritime affairs, death penalty review, state compensation, enforcement and the Supreme People's Procuratorate protest case shall be temporarily heard or handled by the headquarter of the Supreme People's Court.

The tribunal chief of the Supreme First Circuit Court is Liu Guixiang who is a vice-ministerial level full-time member of the Supreme Judicial Committee, and Level II judge, while the tribunal chief of the Second Circuit Court is Hu Yunteng who is a vice-ministerial level full-time member of the Supreme Judicial Committee, and Level II judge.