On September 20, 2016, the European Council announced the adoption of new measures enabling the EU to apply sanctions autonomously to ISIL/Da’esh and Al-Qaida and persons and entities associated or supporting them. Before this, sanctions could only be applied to parties listed by the United Nations or by individual EU member states.
The decision enables the EU to impose restrictive measures, such as travel bans and asset freezes, on those persons and entities considered to be associated with ISIL/Da’esh and Al-Qaida. The EU will be able to target those who have participated in the planning or execution of terrorist attacks, have provided financing, oil or arms to ISIL/Da’esh and Al-Qaida, or have received terrorist training from these organisations. Individuals and entities could also be listed for related activities, such as recruiting; inciting or publicly provoking acts and activities in support of these organisations, or being involved in abuses of human rights outside the EU, including abduction, rape, sexual violence, forced marriage and enslavement of persons.
In particular, the EU measures will focus on the so-called “foreign fighters”, by listing and ultimately enforcing restrictive treatment on those individuals travelling to or seeking to travel both outside the EU and into the EU, with the aim of supporting or receiving training from these groups. The travel bans will prevent listed persons from entering any EU member state. For listed EU nationals, individuals will be prevented from travelling to any EU member state other than that of which they are a national.
See Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/1693 of 20 September 2016 concerning restrictive measures against ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaeda and persons, groups, undertakings and entities associated with them and repealing Common Position 2002/402/CFSP and Council Regulation (EU) 2016/1686 of 20 September 2016 imposing additional restrictive measures directed against ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaeda and natural and legal persons, entities or bodies associated with them published in the Official Journal on 21 September 2016.