In Re A[2016] EWCOP 38, Sir James Munby took the unusual – but on the facts of the case – entirely warranted step of ordering a litigant in person to pay indemnity costs, where his “unrelentingly pertinac[ity] in pursuit of what he believes to be his aunt's best interests… has become obsessive and his desire to litigate (most of the time as a litigant in person) and to correspond with all and sundry has become compulsive.” This is the first reported case of which we are aware where a litigant in person   has been ordered to pay indemnity costs in the Court of Protection (and indeed, an individual as opposed to a local authority). The individual was also made the subject of an extended  civil restraint order for two years.