Late last month, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida sentenced Russell Henderson Marshall, a U.K. citizen residing in Florida, to 41 months in prison, after which he will be removed from the United States. His Florida company, Universal Industries Limited Inc., received a one-year term of probation and small fine. Both defendants were previously convicted in 2011 for violating the AECA. As a consequence of that conviction, the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) issued an order denying their export privileges, prohibiting the defendants from participation in transactions involving exports of items subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The defendants subsequently attempted to send military aircraft parts subject to the EAR to Thailand and Pakistan, in violation of the denial order. They pleaded guilty to violating the IEEPA in February 2015. The presiding U.S. District Judge found that the BIS denial order was a national security control, violation of which subjected Marshall to enhanced sentencing.