The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) on Aug. 25, 2016, issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (Proposed Rule) to implement Section 326 of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. The Proposed Rule would remove the anti-money laundering (AML) program exemption for banks (and certain financial institutions considered banks under the Bank Secrecy Act) that lack a federal functional regulator, including but not limited to:
- state-chartered nondepository trust companies
- non-federally insured credit unions, state banks and savings associations
- certain private banks
- international banking entities, or ''entidades bancarias internacionales'' (IBEs), that are not federally insured but are authorized by Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands to provide banking and other services to nonresident aliens
Among other things, the Proposed Rule would prescribe minimum standards for anti-money laundering programs for banks without a federal functional regulator to ensure that all banks, regardless of whether they are subject to federal regulation and oversight, are required to establish and implement anti-money laundering programs, and would extend customer identification program requirements and beneficial ownership requirements to those banks not already subject to these requirements.
Considerations for Financial Institutions
The Proposed Rule is expected to shake up the trust and financial services industries and impact international banking entities that do business in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In light of the foregoing, many financial institutions that are not currently supervised by a federal functional regulator will need to review, revise and enhance their existing anti-money laundering policies and procedures – as well as the existing capabilities of their systems and monitoring controls – to address the requirements imposed by the Proposed Rule.