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Penalties

Individuals

What penalties are available to the courts for violations of corruption laws by individuals?

The basic penalty for individuals with respect to passive bribery is imprisonment (up to five years) and a fine ranging from €5,000 to €50,000. If the perpetrator committed such an act in the course of his or her profession or repeatedly, or if the gift or benefit is of high value, the act constitutes a felony punishable with imprisonment of up to 10 years (with a minimum sentence of five years) and a fine ranging from €10,000 to €100,000.

If the act is committed contrary to one’s duties, a prison sentence up to 10 years and a fine ranging from €15,000 to €150,000 may be imposed. If the perpetrator committed such an act in the course of his or her profession or repeatedly, or if the gift or benefit is of high value, a prison sentence of up to 15 years and a fine ranging from €15,000 to €150,000 may be imposed.

The act of active bribery is punishable with imprisonment (up to five years) and a fine ranging from €5,000 to €50,000. If the bribed official acted contrary to his or her duties, this constitutes a felony punishable by imprisonment of up to 10 years (with a minimum sentence of five years) and a fine ranging from €10,000 to €100,000.

Companies or organisations

What penalties are available to the courts for violations of corruption laws by companies or organisations?

The liability of legal entities for violations of corruption laws comes in the form of administrative penalties, since under Greek law legal entities may not be held criminally liable. Fines and penalties relating to the entity’s activities are the two main types of penalty.

The authorities may impose any or all of the following penalties on legal entities not covered by special provisions of anti-money laundering legislation:

  • fines ranging from €20,000 to €2 million;
  • permanent suspension of business activities or a temporary suspension ranging from one month to two years;   
  • prohibition of specific business activities (eg, share capital increases) for a period ranging from one month to two years; and
  • a permanent or temporary ban (ranging from one month to two years) on access to public tenders or state funding. 

Legal entities covered by anti-money laundering legislation (eg, financial institutions) may incur fines ranging from €50,000 to €5 million.

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