As disclosed in a report by the Supreme People's Court on December 26, 2014, the Intellectual Property High Court can be considered to be established at the national level, to shorten the processing time and unify adjudication standards, as the Court of Appeal for patent cases in China. This is the latest trend of reform for Intellectual Property Trial.

In June 2014, the ninth meeting of the second session of NPC Standing Committee heard and deliberated the report of patent law enforcement inspection. The report notes the problem of patent rights protection, including "long time", "difficult evidence collection", "high cost" and so on. In this regard, the Supreme Court made study of it, and proposed corrective measures.

The Supreme Court proposes that, to solve the above problems, we must continue to deepen the reform of Intellectual Property Trial. We shall seriously study the advantages and disadvantages of our existing "dual system" program with civil action for patent infringement and administrative proceedings for patent invalidity, and actively learn from foreign experience, to study the possibility of hearing the disputes of patent effectiveness by the court hearing infringement proceedings. For the issues such as wide distribution and large number of courts with jurisdiction of infringement proceedings, non-unified Court of Appeal, and no guarantee of unified standards for adjudication, it may be considered to establish Intellectual Property High Court at the national level, to shorten the processing time and unify judgment standards, as the Court of Appeal for patent cases in China.