On July 29, 2015, Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner signed into law House Bill 2635 to amend Illinois’ Mechanic’s Lien Act (Act) to permit the substitution of an “eligible surety bond,” as defined, for a mechanic’s lien. The new law expressly contemplates that a person may file a petition to substitute a bond for the lien on a property with the court of the county in which the property is located, and if there is a pending mechanic’s lien foreclosure action, the application may be filed at any time prior to 5 months after the filing of the mechanic’s lien foreclosure action complaint or counterclaim by a mechanic’s lien claimant. If the court finds that an eligible surety bond has been posted, it is required to issue an order (1) substituting the bond for the property securing the lien claim; and (2) substituting the lien claimant’s right to recover on the bond for the lien claimant’s causes of action that could be asserted under Section 9, 27, or 28 of this Act. The new laws is effective January 1, 2016.