The two third party claims were part of a total of five class actions brought by aboriginal students who attended schools in northern Labrador from 1949 until their closure in the 1970s. The plaintiff class members brought the claims solely against the Government of Canada based on the allegation that, upon Newfoundland and Labrador joining Confederation in 1949, Canada owed a fiduciary duty and non-delegable duty of care to the aboriginal students, which it breached by delegating the operation and management of the schools to others and failing to ensure the aboriginal students were protected. Canada commenced a third party claim against the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, which in turn commenced two third party claims against the Moravian Union along with two other religious organizations that were alleged to have operated and managed the five schools.