On April 7, 2015, U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (CIS) announced that the CIS had received enough H-1B petitions to exhaust the H-1B quota (including the 20,000 for U.S. advance degree holders) for Fiscal Year 2016 (October 1, 2015, through September 30, 2016). No new cap-subject H-1B petitions may be filed until next year, beginning on April 1, 2016, with a requested H-1B employment start date of October 1, 2016.
Cap-subject H-1B petitions received after April 7, 2014, will be rejected and returned with the CIS filing fees. The CIS will apply a random selection process, or “lottery”, to those petitions received between April 1st and April 7th, inclusive, in order to determine which petitions will be allocated an H-1B number. A “lottery” will be applied first to the Master’s cap cases. Cases not awarded a Master’s cap exemption from the H-1B quota will then be entered into the “lottery” for an H-1B number under the regular H-1B cap.
The H-1B visa quota for each fiscal year is 65,000. However, some H-1B visa numbers are set aside for citizens of Chile and Singapore. Therefore, the effective cap for all other nationalities is actually less than 65,000. An additional 20,000 H-1B numbers are available for candidates who hold at least a Master’s Degree or higher from an accredited U.S. institution of higher education.
Categories of H-1B Petitions Not Subject to the H-1B Cap
H-1B visa numbers remain available for citizens of Chile and Singapore, pursuant to trade agreements that set aside H-1B numbers under each year’s quota. Additionally, the following types of H-1B petitions are not subject to the annual H-1B cap and may be filed without numerical limitation:
- H-1B Petition Extensions and Amendments for existing H-1B employees
- H-1B Change of Employer petitions for candidates counted under a previous year’s H-1B cap who hold H-1B status and are seeking a change of employer
- H-1B Petitions on behalf of employees of institutions of higher education
- H-1B Petitions on behalf of employees of Nonprofit Organizations affiliated with institutions of higher education
- H-1B Petitions on behalf of employees of Nonprofit Research Organizations or Governmental Research Organizations
- H-1B Petitions on behalf of candidates who were previously granted H-1B status in the past six years and have not left the United States for more than one year after attaining H-1B status
- H-1B Petitions filed on behalf of J-1 nonimmigrant physicians who have received a Conrad 30 J-1 waiver
For more information on a potential H-1B cap exemption, please contact your Foster Immigration Attorney. If you are unsure whether a particular organization may meet the requirements for H-1B cap exemption, or wish to explore how it may qualify in the future, your Foster Immigration Attorney can assist you in evaluating the affiliations and preparing the arguments on behalf of your organization.
Possible Alternatives to H-1B Classification
While the H-1B cap for Fiscal Year 2015 has been reached for all but Chileans and Singaporeans, many times candidates for H-1B classification potentially qualify under one or more alternative nonimmigrant classifications. The following classifications remain available, often without numerical limitation, for qualifying candidates to fill qualifying positions:
The TN nonimmigrant category is an appropriate alternative for Canadian and Mexican citizens seeking admission into the United States for employment in certain professional categories in accordance with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The NAFTA list of professional classifications, for which TN status is available, includes, but is not limited to, the following professional occupations: Engineer, Accountant, Architect, Computer Systems Analyst, Graphic Designer, Management Consultant, Scientific Technician/Technologist (including Engineering Technicians), and various occupations in the medical and allied health professions.
The H-3 visa category may be used for the temporary training of qualified foreign nationals in the United States pursuant to a detailed, established training program.
The L-1 category is for international transferees who have worked with a company abroad for at least a year and are being transferred to the United States to continue working with an affiliate, parent, subsidiary, or branch office of the company in the United States. Employment must have been and must continue to be in a managerial, executive, or specialized knowledge capacity.
The E-1 and E-2 Treaty Trader and Treaty Investor categories may be used for employing qualified personnel with companies in the United States where the company maintains the nationality of a country with which the United States has entered into an applicable trade or investment treaty. Generally, the prospective employee must be coming to engage in employment with the company as a managerial, executive, or essential employee with the company in order to qualify.
The E-3 nonimmigrant visa category is available for Australian citizens who will be employed in the United States in a specialty occupation. The requirements for this category are similar to those for the H-1B category.
The O-1 Alien of Extraordinary Ability category would be an appropriate alternative for those individuals who have reached the pinnacle of their fields of endeavor and have sustained national or international acclaim for their extraordinary achievements.
In addition to these work-authorized visa categories, dependent spouses of E and L visa holders are eligible to apply for work authorization, and beginning May 26, 2015, H-4 spouses of certain H-1B visa holders will become eligible to apply for work authorization. Contact your Foster immigration attorney for more information on potential work authorization for any candidates who have E, L, or H-1B spouses in the United States.
Under very limited, short-term circumstances in which a foreign national will remain on a foreign payroll and meet other strict criteria when coming to the United States, the B-1 visa may be an appropriate option in lieu of the H-1B visa. Your Foster immigration attorney can assist you in determining whether the B-1 visa may be an appropriate alternative in particular cases.
Finally, under certain circumstances, a more direct route to permanent residency may exist and could be considered for individuals who meet established criteria and are classifiable under an employment-based immigrant visa category for which immigrant visa numbers are readily available under the annual quota system for immigrant visas.