On January 6, 2015, the Second Circuit granted defendants’ motion for an expedited appeal but denied their motion for a stay in New York v. Actavis PLC, 14-4624 (2d Cir. Jan. 6, 2015). Defendants are manufacturers of Namenda, a brand name pharmaceutical prescribed to patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman filed suit against the defendants in September 2014, alleging that the defendants’ plan to cease production of Namenda IR, a twice-daily instant release formulary whose patent expires in April 2015, was motivated by anticompetitive concerns and violated federal and state antitrust laws. According to Schneiderman, defendants’ motive for ceasing sales of Namenda IR was to force patients to switch to Namenda XR, an extended release formulary of the drug with a longer patent life. Converting patients to Namenda XR before the expiration of the Namenda IR patent would negate generic manufacturers’ ability to win market share through the automatic substitution of generic drugs for brand name prescriptions required under many state laws because the generic instant release formulary is not “bioequivalent” to the extended release version.

The Southern District of New York found that the “hard switch” from Namenda IR to XR would injure competition and consumers and granted the state’s motion for a preliminary injunction on December 11, 2014. Defendants presented evidence that switching to the extended release formula would benefit patients by reducing the number of doses they would need to take each day, which can be particularly beneficial for patients with memory problems. However, the court concluded that the purpose of defendants’ plan was to nullify state generic substitution laws and that defendants failed to establish any cognizable harm that would result from an injunction requiring them to continue selling Namenda IR. The harm defendants sought to avoid, the court explained, was the intended effect of the federal and state regulatory regimes at play: increased competition.

The Second Circuit’s January 6 order was brief and not accompanied by an opinion. The court held that the defendants had not met the standard for a stay of the injunction, citing In re World Trade Center Disaster Site Litigation, 503 F.3d 167, 170 (2d Cir. 2007). The court granted their motion for an expedited appeal and ordered them to submit an expedited briefing schedule within seven days.