In China, every employee has an official personnel file, which contains information such as the employee's education and employment history. The term "floating" personnel in China refers to people who have not attained permanent residency ("hukou") in the place in which they are residing. Personnel files for "floating" personnel must be held by government service agencies in charge of public employment and human resources.

On 10 December 2014, Five Departments (the Central Organization Department, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Archive Bureau) jointly issued the Notice on Further Strengthening Management and Services for Personnel Files of "Floating" Personnel ("Notice"). According to the Notice, all fees such as management fees, access fees, certification fees and transfer fees for personnel files will be waived from 1 January 2015, and government service agencies in charge of public employment and human resources shall provide "floating" personnel with basic services for personnel files free of charge.