Spain - Legal deposit for online publications On July 25, Royal Decree 635/2015 of 10 July was released. The Decree sets out requirements for the legal deposit of online publications. The Decree amends the Legal Deposit law (Law 23/2011 of 29 July) which regulates legal deposits as well as data protection and intellectual property. The Decree sets out the process for the establishment and management of the legal deposit repository for online publications, so as to preserve the bibliographic, audio, visual and digital heritage of the Spanish culture. This is separate to the requirements regarding the deposit of publications in print form. This Decree applies to any online publications that satisfy, at least, one of the following conditions: (i) written in any of the official languages of Spain; (ii) created or edited by any natural or legal person with a domicile, residence or permanent establishment in Spain; or (iii) created or edited under a domain associated or linked to the Spanish territory. Emails, the content of private networks and personal restricted access data are excluded from the application of this Royal Decree. The Decree will enter into force on 25 October 2015, three months after its publication in the Official Journal. Penalties applicable in case of infringement are similar to the Legal Deposit law (Law 23/2011, of 29 July), which range from 1,000 Euros for a minor offence to 30,000 Euros for a serious offence. For more information, please contact Raul Rubio, Patricia Perez, Rosario Alvarez, Ignacio Vela or Alvaro Ubeda.