• The ECJ has issued a ruling confirming that, where an agreement has an anti-competitive object, the number of people affected by such an agreement is irrelevant when assessing the restriction of competition for the purpose of Article 101.  Click here.
  • The General Court has partially upheld Akzo Nobel's appeal against the European Commission decision in relation to the heat stabilisers cartel.  The Court found that the limitation period had expired in respect of some of the infringements, for which the fines should therefore be annulled.  The Court also reduced the total fines imposed by 1%, because the Commission had reduced the amount of fines on all the other parties due to the excessive duration of the administrative procedure.  Click here.
  • The General Court has upheld appeals by Akzo Nobel and GEA Group AG against the European Commission amendment decisions relating to the heat stabilisers cartels.  Click here.
  • The General Court has issued a number of judgments on the pre-stressing steel cartel appeals, finding that the Commission erred in its calculation of the fine for which it held Ori Martin jointly and severally liable with SLM, by incorrectly taking account of sales achieved in countries not covered by the cartel.  Click here.
  • An Advocate General’s opinion has been issued holding that the concept of a concerted practice covers a situation where several travel agencies use an online booking system and the system administrator posts a notice informing its users that, following the proposals and wishes of the undertakings concerned, the discounts applicable to clients will be restricted to a uniform maximum rate and this is followed by a technical restriction on the choice of discount rates available to the users of the system.  Click here.
  • An Advocate General’s opinion has been issued in the appeals against the European Commission's decision finding a cartel in the Spanish bitumen market. In relation to Galp’s appeal, the Advocate General considered that the General Court had exceeded its jurisdiction by finding an infringement which had not been established by the Commission and so its judgment should be set aside.  Click here.