Important and/or distinctive aspects of holiday/annual leave legislation in Slovakia
The Labour Act No. 311/2001 Coll. (the "LC") states that annual leave shall be taken in accordance with the relevant annual leave plan adopted following consultation with the relevant trade union (if any). The plan determines basic guidelines for the taking of annual leave (e.g. two weeks during Summer holidays, one week in Spring and one week in Autumn). In practice, the annual leave plan is adopted mainly in larger businesses.
The LC allows employers to require that all employees may only take a maximum of two weeks of annual leave at a time.
An employer can reduce the annual leave entitlement if an employee does not perform their duties for more than 100 days during the calendar year due to the following reasons:
- performance of emergency service in wartime;
- parental leave;
- time off for public duties or labour union duties; and/or
- certain personal circumstances such as sick leave.
An employer can reduce the annual leave entitlement for unjustified absence from work by one or two days for each day of unjustified absence. The employer must consult with the trade union (if any) on the consequences of the unjustified absence.
The employee has the right to take a limited amount of paid leave per year in addition to the annual leave entitlement. Some of the most commonly paid leave periods are:
- seven days for the medical examinations;
- seven days for accompanying a family member to medical examinations;
- a day for their wedding day; and
- three days in the case of death of a relative.
The LC states further reasons for which the employer is obliged to provide the employee with unpaid time off, such as moving house (maximum of two days), and searching for a new job during the notice period (maximum of half a day during every week of notice period).